Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society

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Most jobs that exist today might disappear within decades. As artificial intelligence outperforms humans in more and more tasks, it will replace humans in more and more jobs. Many new professions are likely to appear: virtual-world designers, for example. But such professions will probably require more creativity and flexibility, and it is unclear whether 40-year-old unemployed taxi drivers or insurance agents will be able to reinvent themselves as virtual-world designers (try to imagine a virtual world created by an insurance agent!). And even if the ex-insurance agent somehow makes the transition into a virtual-world designer, the pace of progress is such that within another decade he might have to reinvent himself yet again.

The crucial problem isn’t creating new jobs. The crucial problem is creating new jobs that humans perform better than algorithms. Consequently, by 2050 a new class of people might emerge – the useless class. People who are not just unemployed, but unemployable.

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The same technology that renders humans useless might also make it feasible to feed and support the unemployable masses through some scheme of universal basic income. The real problem will then be to keep the masses occupied and content. People must engage in purposeful activities, or they go crazy. So what will the useless class do all day?

One answer might be computer games. Economically redundant people might spend increasing amounts of time within 3D virtual reality worlds, which would provide them with far more excitement and emotional engagement than the “real world” outside. This, in fact, is a very old solution. For thousands of years, billions of people have found meaning in playing virtual reality games. In the past, we have called these virtual reality games “religions”.

What is a religion if not a big virtual reality game played by millions of people together? Religions such as Islam and Christianity invent imaginary laws, such as “don’t eat pork”, “repeat the same prayers a set number of times each day”, “don’t have sex with somebody from your own gender” and so forth. These laws exist only in the human imagination. No natural law requires the repetition of magical formulas, and no natural law forbids homosexuality or eating pork. Muslims and Christians go through life trying to gain points in their favorite virtual reality game. If you pray every day, you get points. If you forget to pray, you lose points. If by the end of your life you gain enough points, then after you die you go to the next level of the game (aka heaven).

As religions show us, the virtual reality need not be encased inside an isolated box. Rather, it can be superimposed on the physical reality. In the past this was done with the human imagination and with sacred books, and in the 21st century it can be done with smartphones.

Some time ago I went with my six-year-old nephew Matan to hunt for Pokémon. As we walked down the street, Matan kept looking at his smartphone, which enabled him to spot Pokémon all around us. I didn’t see any Pokémon at all, because I didn’t carry a smartphone. Then we saw two others kids on the street who were hunting the same Pokémon, and we almost got into a fight with them. It struck me how similar the situation was to the conflict between Jews and Muslims about the holy city of Jerusalem. When you look at the objective reality of Jerusalem, all you see are stones and buildings. There is no holiness anywhere. But when you look through the medium of smartbooks (such as the Bible and the Qur’an), you see holy places and angels everywhere.

The idea of finding meaning in life by playing virtual reality games is of course common not just to religions, but also to secular ideologies and lifestyles. Consumerism too is a virtual reality game. You gain points by acquiring new cars, buying expensive brands and taking vacations abroad, and if you have more points than everybody else, you tell yourself you won the game.

You might object that people really enjoy their cars and vacations. That’s certainly true. But the religious really enjoy praying and performing ceremonies, and my nephew really enjoys hunting Pokémon. In the end, the real action always takes place inside the human brain. Does it matter whether the neurons are stimulated by observing pixels on a computer screen, by looking outside the windows of a Caribbean resort, or by seeing heaven in our mind’s eyes? In all cases, the meaning we ascribe to what we see is generated by our own minds. It is not really “out there”. To the best of our scientific knowledge, human life has no meaning. The meaning of life is always a fictional story created by us humans.

In his groundbreaking essay, Deep Play: Notes on the Balinese Cockfight (1973), the anthropologist Clifford Geertz describes how on the island of Bali, people spent much time and money betting on cockfights. The betting and the fights involved elaborate rituals, and the outcomes had substantial impact on the social, economic and political standing of both players and spectators.

The cockfights were so important to the Balinese that when the Indonesian government declared the practice illegal, people ignored the law and risked arrest and hefty fines. For the Balinese, cockfights were “deep play” – a made-up game that is invested with so much meaning that it becomes reality. A Balinese anthropologist could arguably have written similar essays on football in Argentina or Judaism in Israel.

Indeed, one particularly interesting section of Israeli society provides a unique laboratory for how to live a contented life in a post-work world. In Israel, a significant percentage of ultra-orthodox Jewish men never work. They spend their entire lives studying holy scriptures and performing religion rituals. They and their families don’t starve to death partly because the wives often work, and partly because the government provides them with generous subsidies. Though they usually live in poverty, government support means that they never lack for the basic necessities of life.

That’s universal basic income in action. Though they are poor and never work, in survey after survey these ultra-orthodox Jewish men report higher levels of life-satisfaction than any other section of Israeli society. In global surveys of life satisfaction, Israel is almost always at the very top, thanks in part to the contribution of these unemployed deep players.

You don’t need to go all the way to Israel to see the world of post-work. If you have at home a teenage son who likes computer games, you can conduct your own experiment. Provide him with a minimum subsidy of Coke and pizza, and then remove all demands for work and all parental supervision. The likely outcome is that he will remain in his room for days, glued to the screen. He won’t do any homework or housework, will skip school, skip meals and even skip showers and sleep. Yet he is unlikely to suffer from boredom or a sense of purposelessness. At least not in the short term.

Hence virtual realities are likely to be key to providing meaning to the useless class of the post-work world. Maybe these virtual realities will be generated inside computers. Maybe they will be generated outside computers, in the shape of new religions and ideologies. Maybe it will be a combination of the two. The possibilities are endless, and nobody knows for sure what kind of deep plays will engage us in 2050.

In any case, the end of work will not necessarily mean the end of meaning, because meaning is generated by imagining rather than by working. Work is essential for meaning only according to some ideologies and lifestyles. Eighteenth-century English country squires, present-day ultra-orthodox Jews, and children in all cultures and eras have found a lot of interest and meaning in life even without working. People in 2050 will probably be able to play deeper games and to construct more complex virtual worlds than in any previous time in history.

But what about truth? What about reality? Do we really want to live in a world in which billions of people are immersed in fantasies, pursuing make-believe goals and obeying imaginary laws? Well, like it or not, that’s the world we have been living in for thousands of years already.


What Pocket Users are Saying

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 7

    Leland Maschmeyer

    May 15, 2017

    Interesting thesis: we all live in VR

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 8

    Siddarth Raman

    June 19, 2017

    Deep

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 9

    Valentin Muro

    May 10, 2017

    The crucial problem isn’t creating new jobs. The crucial problem is creating new jobs that humans perform better than algorithms. Consequently, by 2050 a new class of people might emerge – the useless class. People who are not just unemployed, but unemployable.

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 10

    Adriii Izquierdo

    January 15, 2018

    Futuro, presente, religión, realidad virtual y el sentido de la vida.

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 11

    Aditya Sankaran

    May 16, 2017

    h/t Amarnath

    “In his groundbreaking essay, Deep Play: Notes on the Balinese Cockfight (1973), the anthropologist Clifford Geertz describes how on the island of Bali, people spent much time and money betting on cockfights. The betting and the fights involved elaborate rituals, and the outcomes had substantial impact on the social, economic and political standing of both players and spectators.

    The cockfights were so important to the Balinese that when the Indonesian government declared the practice illegal, people ignored the law and risked arrest and hefty fines. For the Balinese, cockfights were “deep play” – a made-up game that is invested with so much meaning that it becomes reality. A Balinese anthropologist could arguably have written similar essays on football in Argentina or Judaism in Israel.”

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 12

    Aaron McQuinn

    June 7, 2017

    “Do we really want to live in a world in which billions of people are immersed in fantasies, pursuing make-believe goals and obeying imaginary laws? Well, like it or not, that’s the world we have been living in for thousands of years already.”

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 13

    Marina Levy

    May 15, 2017

    In any case, the end of work will not necessarily mean the end of meaning, because meaning is generated by imagining rather than by working. Work is essential for meaning only according to some ideologies and lifestyles.

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 13

    Marina Levy

    May 15, 2017

    The remunerated works or jobs themselves aren’t already a deep (deep) play? It can be compared to religions and they are as well VIRTUAL REALITY GAMES… wake up! So, what is real, after all?

    In any case, the end of work will not necessarily mean the end of meaning, because meaning is generated by imagining rather than by working. Work is essential for meaning only according to some ideologies and lifestyles.

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 15

    Andy McIlwain

    January 11, 2018

    The crucial problem isn’t creating new jobs. The crucial problem is creating new jobs that humans perform better than algorithms. Consequently, by 2050 a new class of people might emerge – the useless class. People who are not just unemployed, but unemployable.

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 15

    Andy McIlwain

    January 11, 2018

    People must engage in purposeful activities, or they go crazy. So what will the useless class do all day?

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 15

    Andy McIlwain

    January 11, 2018

    English country squires, present-day ultra-orthodox Jews, and children in all cultures and eras have found a lot of interest and meaning in life even without working.

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 18

    Njagî M’Mwenda

    June 4, 2017

    The crucial problem isn’t creating new jobs. The crucial problem is creating new jobs that humans perform better than algorithms. Consequently, by 2050 a new class of people might emerge – the useless class. People who are not just unemployed, but unemployable

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 18

    Njagî M’Mwenda

    June 4, 2017

    What is a religion if not a big virtual reality game played by millions of people together? Religions such as Islam and Christianity invent imaginary laws, such as “don’t eat pork”, “repeat the same prayers a set number of times each day”, “don’t have sex with somebody from your own gender” and so forth. These laws exist only in the human imagination. No natural law requires the repetition of magical formulas, and no natural law forbids homosexuality or eating pork. Muslims and Christians go through life trying to gain points in their favorite virtual reality game. If you pray every day, you get points. If you forget to pray, you lose points. If by the end of your life you gain enough points, then after you die you go to the next level of the game (aka heaven).

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 20

    Salonee Sanghvi

    July 29, 2017

    Consequently, by 2050 a new class of people might emerge – the useless class. People who are not just unemployed, but unemployable.

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 21

    Justin Ng

    May 10, 2017

    “In any case, the end of work will not necessarily mean the end of meaning, because meaning is generated by imagining rather than by working. Work is essential for meaning only according to some ideologies and lifestyles. Eighteenth-century English country squires, present-day ultra-orthodox Jews, and children in all cultures and eras have found a lot of interest and meaning in life even without working. People in 2050 will probably be able to play deeper games and to construct more complex virtual worlds than in any previous time in history.

    But what about truth? What about reality? Do we really want to live in a world in which billions of people are immersed in fantasies, pursuing make-believe goals and obeying imaginary laws? Well, like it or not, that’s the world we have been living in for thousands of years already.”

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 22

    ahmed abdul fatah

    December 17, 2017

    interesting read

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 22

    ahmed abdul fatah

    May 13, 2017

    المقال ده فشيخ

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 24

    Saager Mhatre

    November 6, 2017

    Wait, how is acquiring real value a virtual transaction?

    Consumerism too is a virtual reality game. You gain points by acquiring new cars, buying expensive brands and taking vacations abroad, and if you have more points than everybody else, you tell yourself you won the game.

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 24

    Saager Mhatre

    November 6, 2017

    Are we confusing economic utility and value?

    But the religious really enjoy praying and performing ceremonies, and my nephew really enjoys hunting Pokémon.

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 26

    Seb Barker

    May 8, 2017

    love harari but his tendency to end paragraphs in this style leave him sounding nauseatingly gauche

    For thousands of years, billions of people have found meaning in playing virtual reality games. In the past, we have called these virtual reality games “religions”.

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 27

    Martin Sivertsen

    May 9, 2017

    Gamers. We’re all gamers. #virtualfutures

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 28

    Sandeep C Kannikanti

    May 18, 2017

    In the end, the real action always takes place inside the human brain.

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 29

    Will O’Neill

    May 14, 2017

    For thousands of years, billions of people have found meaning in playing virtual reality games. In the past, we have called these virtual reality games “religions”.

    For thousands of years, billions of people have found meaning in playing virtual reality games. In the past, we have called these virtual reality games “religions”.

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 30

    Lubomir Zrnecko

    May 12, 2017

    “Consequently, by 2050 a new class of people might emerge – the useless class. ”

    “Economically redundant people (!!!) might spend increasing amounts of time within 3D virtual reality worlds”

    “This, in fact, is a very old solution. For thousands of years, billions of people have found meaning in playing virtual reality games. In the past, we have called these virtual reality games “religions”.”

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 31

    Wally Punsapy

    May 9, 2017

    “What is a religion if not a big virtual reality game played by millions of people together?”

    The Matrix will save us. Just believe.

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 32

    Kaloian Parchev

    May 13, 2017

    They

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 33

    Doug Hamlin

    October 9, 2017

    You don’t need to go all the way to Israel to see the world of post-work. If you have at home a teenage son who likes computer games, you can conduct your own experiment. Provide him with a minimum subsidy of Coke and pizza, and then remove all demands for work and all parental supervision. The likely outcome is that he will remain in his room for days, glued to the screen. He won’t do any homework or housework, will skip school, skip meals and even skip showers and sleep. Yet he is unlikely to suffer from boredom or a sense of purposelessness. At least not in the short term.

    Hence virtual realities are likely to be key to providing meaning to the useless class of the post-work world. Maybe these virtual realities will be generated inside computers. Maybe they will be generated outside computers, in the shape of new religions and ideologies. Maybe it will be a combination of the two. The possibilities are endless, and nobody knows for sure what kind of deep plays will engage us in 2050.

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 34

    Henry Babbage

    May 8, 2017

    The idea of finding meaning in life by playing virtual reality games is of course common not just to religions, but also to secular ideologies and lifestyles. Consumerism too is a virtual reality game. You gain points by acquiring new cars, buying expensive brands and taking vacations abroad, and if you have more points than everybody else, you tell yourself you won the game.

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 35

    Yestin Johnson

    January 8, 2018

    Fascinating read

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 36

    Ritika Upadhyay

    May 15, 2017

    In any case, the end of work will not necessarily mean the end of meaning, because meaning is generated by imagining rather than by working. Work is essential for meaning only according to some ideologies and lifestyles. Eighteenth-century English country squires, present-day ultra-orthodox Jews, and children in all cultures and eras have found a lot of interest and meaning in life even without working. People in 2050 will probably be able to play deeper games and to construct more complex virtual worlds than in any previous time in history.

    - - -

    But what about truth? What about reality? Do we really want to live in a world in which billions of people are immersed in fantasies, pursuing make-believe goals and obeying imaginary laws? Well, like it or not, that’s the world we have been living in for thousands of years already.

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 37

    Adonai Hm

    December 30, 2017

    Do we really want to live in a world in which billions of people are immersed in fantasies, pursuing make-believe goals and obeying imaginary laws? Well, like it or not, that’s the world we have been living in for thousands of years already.

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 38

    Danilo Barboza

    July 6, 2017

    Do we really want to live in a world in which billions of people are immersed in fantasies, pursuing make-believe goals and obeying imaginary laws? Well, like it or not, that’s the world we have been living in for thousands of years already.

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 39

    Jesse Muchai

    May 9, 2017

    the

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 40

    Hazary Nic

    January 14, 2018

    Everything happens in people’s minds

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 41

    yh chng

    June 6, 2017

    The idea of finding meaning in life by playing virtual reality games is of course common not just to religions, but also to secular ideologies and lifestyles. Consumerism too is a virtual reality game. You gain points by acquiring new cars, buying expensive brands and taking vacations abroad, and if you have more points than everybody else, you tell yourself you won the game.

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 42

    parap

    December 12, 2017

    What is a religion if not a big virtual reality game played by millions of people together?

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 43

    Arpit Modi

    April 15, 2018

    Loved how he compared religion to being a virtual world

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 44

    Janice Pang

    June 5, 2017

    Oh shit.

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 45

    Daniel Mbure

    December 22, 2017

    For thousands of years, billions of people have found meaning in playing virtual reality games. In the past, we have called these virtual reality games “religions”.

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 46

    Thomas van der Straten

    May 11, 2017

    In any case, the end of work will not necessarily mean the end of meaning, because meaning is generated by imagining rather than by working. Work is essential for meaning only according to some ideologies and lifestyles. Eighteenth-century English country squires, present-day ultra-orthodox Jews, and children in all cultures and eras have found a lot of interest and meaning in life even without working

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 47

    Dennis Mooney

    May 10, 2017

    For the Balinese, cockfights were “deep play” – a made-up game that is invested with so much meaning that it becomes reality. A Balinese anthropologist could arguably have written similar essays on football in Argentina or Judaism in Israel.

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 48

    hpm Meyer

    May 27, 2017

    Very good read! Recommended.

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 49

    Joakim Ejenstam

    July 26, 2017

    the end of work will not necessarily mean the end of meaning, because meaning is generated by imagining rather than by working

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 50

    Camilo Luna

    December 11, 2017

    To the best of our scientific knowledge, human life has no meaning. The meaning of life is always a fictional story created by us humans.

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 51

    Lukas Rosenstock

    May 8, 2017

    The crucial problem isn’t creating new jobs. The crucial problem is creating new jobs that humans perform better than algorithms. Consequently, by 2050 a new class of people might emerge – the useless class. People who are not just unemployed, but unemployable.

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 52

    Anurag Sen

    December 17, 2017

    what about truth? What about reality? Do we really want to live in a world in which billions of people are immersed in fantasies, pursuing make-believe goals and obeying imaginary laws? Well, like it or not, that’s the world we have been living in for thousands of years already.

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 53

    Michael (thisiswilson) Wilson

    May 11, 2017

    The crucial problem isn’t creating new jobs. The crucial problem is creating new jobs that humans perform better than algorithms.

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 15

    Ankit Kumar

    February 6, 2019

    Very fun read

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 55

    James Stevens

    May 10, 2017

    Do we really want to live in a world in which billions of people are immersed in fantasies, pursuing make-believe goals and obeying imaginary laws?

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 56

    Ahmed Sadawi

    May 28, 2017

    To the best of our scientific knowledge, human life has no meaning. The meaning of life is always a fictional story created by us humans.

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 56

    Ahmed Sadawi

    May 28, 2017

    Though they are poor and never work, in survey after survey these ultra-orthodox Jewish men report higher levels of life-satisfaction than any other section of Israeli society. In global surveys of life satisfaction, Israel is almost always at the very top, thanks in part to the contribution of these unemployed deep players.

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 58

    Timo Litzius

    January 2, 2018

    In any case, the end of work will not necessarily mean the end of meaning, because meaning is generated by imagining rather than by working.

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 59

    Kash Dhanda

    January 18, 2018

    But what about truth? What about reality? Do we really want to live in a world in which billions of people are immersed in fantasies, pursuing make-believe goals and obeying imaginary laws? Well, like it or not, that’s the world we have been living in for thousands of years already.

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 60

    Saad Hasnain

    January 13, 2019

    Yuval Noah Herrari at his best!

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 61

    Leon Ras

    February 10, 2019

    “For thousands of years, billions of people have found meaning in playing virtual reality games.”

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 62

    Diego B

    July 1, 2017

    For thousands of years, billions of people have found meaning in playing virtual reality games. In the past, we have called these virtual reality games “religions”.

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 63

    Matej Vajda

    September 28, 2017

    What is a religion if not a big virtual reality game played by millions of people together? Religions such as Islam and Christianity invent imaginary laws, such as “don’t eat pork”, “repeat the same prayers a set number of times each day”, “don’t have sex with somebody from your own gender” and so forth. These laws exist only in the human imagination. No natural law requires the repetition of magical formulas, and no natural law forbids homosexuality or eating pork. Muslims and Christians go through life trying to gain points in their favorite virtual reality game. If you pray every day, you get points. If you forget to pray, you lose points. If by the end of your life you gain enough points, then after you die you go to the next level of the game (aka heaven).

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 64

    Sebastian Żołnowski

    December 24, 2017

    The crucial problem is creating new jobs that humans perform better than algorithms. Consequently, by 2050 a new class of people might emerge – the useless class.

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 65

    Rob de Bruyn

    December 31, 2017

    Great story by Yuval Noah Harari “live is a virtual reality game, it has always been”

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 66

    Nuria Muro

    March 23, 2018

    The crucial problem isn’t creating new jobs. The crucial problem is creating new jobs that humans perform better than algorithms.

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 67

    Purnima Mehta

    May 15, 2017

    The crucial problem is creating new jobs that humans perform better than algorithms.

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 68

    Jacqueline Dozier

    June 2, 2017

    Pretty extreme view on the role of entertainment and games in the future and a controversial commentary on religion, but many good points.

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 69

    Viktor Petersson

    July 9, 2017

    What is a religion if not a big virtual reality game played by millions of people together?

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 70

    Fergus Meiklejohn

    December 22, 2017

    Ouch..

    For thousands of years, billions of people have found meaning in playing virtual reality games. In the past, we have called these virtual reality games “religions”.

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 71

    Ricky Guzman

    December 30, 2017

    Thoughtful and blasphemous

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 72

    Joe Glick

    January 3, 2018

    Ready Player One spoiler

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 73

    María Fernández

    May 11, 2017

    “The meaning of life is always a fictional story created by us humans.”

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 74

    Esra Hsn

    June 5, 2017

    good

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 75

    Frank Russi

    July 27, 2017

    A great essay about not so distant future of humankind. What will we do when automation has taken our jobs?

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 76

    césar pallares

    March 2, 2018

    Interesante artículo sobre el futuro de las personas inempleables

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 77

    Macartan Gaughan

    May 17, 2017

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 78

    Sudharshan Viswanathan

    May 10, 2017

    Analogies that jump a lot of different spaces – life, religion, work, AI, happiness

    In any case, the end of work will not necessarily mean the end of meaning, because meaning is generated by imagining rather than by working.

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 79

    Josh Javier

    May 10, 2017

    we saw two others kids on the street who were hunting the same Pokémon, and we almost got into a fight with them. It struck me how similar the situation was to the conflict between Jews and Muslims about the holy city of Jerusalem. When you look at the objective reality of Jerusalem, all you see are stones and buildings. There is no holiness anywhere. But when you look through the medium of smartbooks (such as the Bible and the Qur’an), you see holy places and angels everywhere.

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 80

    Pablo Jorge

    June 10, 2017

    But what about truth? What about reality? Do we really want to live in a world in which billions of people are immersed in fantasies, pursuing make-believe goals and obeying imaginary laws? Well, like it or not, that’s the world we have been living in for thousands of years already.

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 81

    Rita Heine

    May 12, 2017

    Wow – very good read’

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 82

    Sea Iaw Ang

    May 13, 2017

    Consumerism too is a virtual reality game. You gain points by acquiring new cars, buying expensive brands and taking vacations abroad, and if you have more points than everybody else, you tell yourself you won the game.

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 83

    Henrik Heimbuerger

    May 22, 2019

    While I’m generally tired of video game analogies, this one’s actually quite brilliant!

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 84

    Brian Wong

    February 6, 2019

    The crucial problem is creating new jobs that humans perform better than algorithms. Consequently, by 2050 a new class of people might emerge – the useless class.

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 85

    Vibhu Satpaul

    December 29, 2017

    How Deep play could be a work environment.

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 86

    keldom 90500

    April 5, 2018

    You might object that people really enjoy their cars and vacations. That’s certainly true. But the religious really enjoy praying and performing ceremonies, and my nephew really enjoys hunting Pokémon. In the end, the real action always takes place inside the human brain

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 87

    Catalin Dinut

    May 15, 2017

    Ssssht, nu așa tare, ca unii oameni o sa se supere un pic.
    ” To the best of our scientific knowledge, human life has no meaning. The meaning of life is always a fictional story created by us humans.”

  • Deep Meaning of Life in Jobless Society 69

    sasha thomas

    May 10, 2017

    Images

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